Hexagram 33 — Tun, Retreat

33. Tun - Retreat
Above (in front): Ch'ien - The Creative (Heaven)
Below (behind): Kên - Keeping Still (Mountain)

The Judgement for the Current Situation

Retreat. Success.
In what is small, perseverance furthers.

The Image for the Current Situation

Mountain under heaven: the image of Retreat.
Thus the superior man keeps the inferior man at a distance,
Not angrily but with reserve.

The Lines

Please remember: I Ching lines are counted upwards (starting at the bottom line)!

Top line:

Cheerful retreat. Everything serves to further.

Fifth line:
Friendly retreat. Perseverance brings good fortune.

Fourth line:
Voluntary retreat brings good fortune to the superior man
And downfall to the inferior man.

Third line:
A halted retreat
Is nerve-wracking and dangerous.
To retain people as men- and maidservants
Brings good fortune.

Second line:
He holds him fast with yellow oxhide.
No one can tear him loose.

Bottom line:
At the tail in retreat. This is dangerous.
One must not wish to undertake anything.